A concerned parent has written us about The Handmaid’s Tale (Boston: Houghton Miflin, 1986) by Margaret Atwood being required reading in the English 3 advanced placement course in the Judson Independent School District (ISD).
Allegations are that Atwood’s book is …
- saturated with sex and sexual allusions, sadistic pornography, prostitution, etc.
- attacks the Christian faith
- promotes suicide
- full of profanity and crudities
The following annotation of Handmaid on an NYU website provides some insight:
Summary: The Handmaid’s Tale is set in the futuristic Republic of Gilead. Sometime in the future, conservative Christians take control of the United States and establish a dictatorship. Most women in Gilead are infertile after repeated exposure to pesticides, nuclear waste, or leakages from chemical weapons. The few fertile women are taken to camps and trained to be handmaidens, birth-mothers for the upper-class. Infertile lower-class women are sent either to clean up toxic waste or to become “Marthas,” house servants. No women in the Republic are permitted to be openly sexual; sex is for reproduction only. The government declares this a feminist improvement on the sexual politics of today when women are seen as sex objects.
The novel focuses on one handmaid, Offred (she is given the name of the man whose children she is expected to bear–she is of Fred). Offred became a handmaid after an attempt to escape with her daughter and husband from Gilead. They fail; her daughter is given away to a needy woman in the upper circles, and Offred does not know whether her husband is alive or dead, whether he escaped or was captured. Offred is in the service of the General and his wife, Serena Joy. Serena Joy hates that she is unable to bear children and hates Offred for taking her husband seed. If Offred does not become pregnant promptly, Serena Joy will undoubtedly take revenge by sending her away, possibly to the toxic colonies.
Offred does not become pregnant, but she does develop an unexpected relationship with the General. He plays games of Scrabble with her (all forms of writing are officially denied handmaids) and gives her gifts of cosmetics and old fashion magazines. One night he dresses her in a cocktail dress and takes her to an illegal nightclub where Offred runs into an old female friend, now a prostitute in the club.
Serena Joy, desperate for children, finally arranges for Offred to sleep with the chauffeur. The two are happy together; she thinks she is pregnant. Soon after, Serena Joy finds the cocktail dress the General gave to Offred. She knows her husband is to blame, but accuses Offred anyway and sends for the police to take her away to certain death. When the van arrives to take her away, however, it is driven by rebels who carry Offred to safety.
Commentary: The Handmaid’s Tale is a critique of anti-abortion rhetoric and some reproductive technologies. In Gilead, reproduction is taken out of women’s control. The novel has been criticized for making capitalist, contemporary America seem like a free haven. Only the dictators argue that contemporary (1980-90) gender politics harm women. The characters with whom readers are encouraged to agree think our America is a bastion of equality. Offred, for example, envisions freedom in terms of fashion magazines, silk stockings, and traditional motherhood and families. She believes in “family values,” linking her more with the Right than one might expect– Pamela Moore
Our assessment is …
- Handmaid is an engaging tale with an anti-Christian, anti-conservative intent
- The book uses biblical themes and symbols toward that end
- Explicit subject matter is less important than how it is framed
- The framing is naturally toward the author’s intent (see above)
- Unfortunately, many Christians have little choice but to focus on the hot-button details of such novels as Handmaid because they can’t deal with the underlying worldview (the framing); i.e., the underlying ideology that justifies abortion, feminism, homosexuality, etc.
- Secularists have their “holy books” around which they have their “pious” conversations.
- Handmaid is one of those books
- Even so, in the hands of fair-minded teacher, Handmaid could be used to address the unfounded worldview of secularists and the unformed worldview of many Christians
- Most teachers are ill-equipped and disinclined to do that